Nuclear regulatory authority
The 'regulatory body' is composed of federal government and Länder authorities. On the federal level, the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), the Federal Office for the Safety of Nuclear Waste Management (BfE), and the Federal Office for Radiation Protection (BfS) are the regulatory authorities in charge.
- 7 nuclear power plant units (6 PWR, 1 BWR) at 7 different sites.
- 3 research reactors with a capacity of more than 50 kW thermal power, 4 small training reactors.
- 1 uranium enrichment plant, 1 fuel element fabrication plant.
- Decommissioning and dismantling activities.
- Medical units, industrial radioactive sources.
- Transportation of radioactive material.
Radioactive waste and spent fuel management
A number of facilities in operation serve the purposes of treatment, conditioning and storage (central storage facilities and local storage facilities) of radioactive waste. Waste management facilities for low-level and medium-level radioactive waste: one repository out of commission: the closure is being licensed; Asse II mine: waste to be recovered before closure; one repository licensed, commissioning planned by 2027.
Main legal instruments
- The framework conditions for legislative and administrative powers in general are stipulated in the Constitution (Basic Law/GG).
- The Atomic Energy Act (AtG) provides the legal framework for the use of nuclear energy and the safe operation of all nuclear installations in Germany.
The Radiation Protection Act (StrlSchG) provides the legal framework for the protection against the dangers arising from exposure to ionising radiation.
- In addition to the general provisions of the Atomic Energy Act and the Radiation Protection Act, several ordinances stipulate more detailed rules.
- Technical details are established in a system of guidelines, technical standards and requirements.
Last updated on 3 August 2018